Archaeologists who have been striving for decades to elucidate the conditions for the emergence of the civilization of pharaonic Egypt at the end of the fifth millennium (Fred WENDORF, Bruce WILLIAMS, Damiano APPIA) are now unanimous in highlighting the decisive role played by prehistoric Nubia in the main technological changes that led to the development of the first socio-political institutions in Upper Egypt specifically in Abydos, Nekhen to the famous NOME of Ta Seti.
It is in this context that appeared, several generations before the PHARAON-UNIFICATEUR NARMER (-3300), the famous dynasty of SHEMSOU HOR ("FOLLOWERS OF HORUS") to which the whole humanity is indebted of the first historical innovations significant (divine royalty, hieroglyphic writing, monumental architecture, astronomical calendar, legal codes ...).
The hard core of this pre-dynastic settlement was represented by the ANOUs of which Flinders PETRIE and AMELINEAU have meticulously studied the archaeological remains. The disturbing similarities between the prehistoric cultures of NUBIA in the fifth millennium and those of the REGION can not be overstated. GREAT AFRICAN LAKES from the Congo Basin to the borders of present-day South Africa.
In addition to these superabundant archaeological data, we can add the remarkable elements of convergences drawn from the comparison between the main centers of rock art in Africa. In a work entitled "THE PHENICIANS OF THE ODYSSEY", the geographer Victor BERARD put the a strong emphasis on the MAJOR CULTURAL INFLUENCES experienced in the second millennium by the PREHELLENES in general and the CRÉTOIS in particular by the NUBIANS and the ANCIENT EGYPTIANS who were by unanimous consent of the Greek authors and witnesses of the ancient melanoderms characterized (see HERODOTE, Euterpe, Book II, 104).
In fact, the pre-Hellenic period of European history has been deliberately obscured by current European historians who seek to downplay the close relationship that existed between the NEGRO-AFRICAN CIVILIZATIONS of NUBIA and PHARAONIC EGYPT. and the PREHELLENES on the other hand.It was not a question of simple commercial relations as thought Jean VERCOUTTER (cf "EGYPT AND PREHELLENES") but a massive contribution of NUBIE and EGYPT ANTIQUE in the fields of architecture, arts, navigation and even religion.
It is this legacy of the NEGRO-AFRICAN CIVILIZATIONS that explains the rise and preponderance in Europe of the PREHELLENES up to the tragedy of the barbarian invasion and the destruction of the Mycenaean civilization by the DORIENS.Il emerges from the examination historical sources available that the Cretan civilization itself has undergone the decisive influence of the Egyptian-Nubian civilization from the end of the Old Kingdom until the invasion of the "PEOPLE OF THE SEA" in the twelfth century BC (see Cheikh Anta DIOP "CIVILIZATION OR BARBARIA").
Only this historical perspective makes it possible to clarify the famous "MYTH OF ATLANTIS" reported by PLATON by bringing it closer to the volcanic explosion of SANTORIN, island located in the Cyclades. The INDO-EUROPEANS themselves will know a relative promotion only to during the semi-legendary period which coincides with the appearance of the HOMERIC EPOPS recorded respectively in the ILIADE (composed between -800 and -750) and the Odyssey (composed at the end of the 8th century BCE) .CES EPOPED WERE ORALLY TRANSMITTED AND IT IS ONLY IN THE VI CENTURY THAT PISISTRATE WILL FIX FOR EXAMPLE ILIADE IN WRITING.
In the same way, it is the direct influence of EGYPT on GREECE OF MINOR ASIA and in particular the City of IONIE which makes it possible to understand the introduction in Europe of PHILOSOPHY that THALES DE MILET at the end of his studious journey to the Egyptian holders of "SACRED SCIENCE" will try to acclimatize in Greece. All the philosophical speculations wrongly attributed through the pretended "GREEK MIRACLE" to the PRESOCRATIC were first borrowed from EGYPT before to be interpreted, transformed, distorted over time.The famous "ANTIQUE TRADITION" to which PLATON and XENOPHON ostentatiously refer to explain the irruption of the argument of reminiscence and thus of the notion of the immortality of the soul in the thought of SOCRATE (see THE PHEDON) is attached explicitly to EGYPT which would be the original source.Thus, THALES, ANAXIMANDRE, ANAXIMENE, PYTHAGORE, HERACLITE, PARMENID E, EMPEDOCLE, ANAXAGORE, PLATO, ELEE ZENON, ARISTOTE etc. are all indebted to EGYPT OLD of the philosophical knowledge that made their reputation in the CENACLE OF ILLUSTRIA THINKERS. During the late antiquity, EUROPE does not will not fail to draw from Alexandria again the knowledge necessary for its regeneration.
In addition to the different theological and philosophical currents that directly related to this "INVENTORY OF THE MILLENNIUM WISDOM OF THE NILE BORDERS" (cf Luciano CANFORA "THE DESTRUCTION OF THE LIBRARY OF ALEXANDRIA"), the sciences will experience a considerable expansion at this time as evidenced among others the capture of Egyptian astronomical knowledge by ARISTARQUE DE SAMOS from 350 before our era.
The time has come for AFRICANS and AFRO-DESCENDANTS all over the world to collectively follow the capital recommendation of Professor Cheikh Anta DIOP formulated from 1973: "We must say to the generations that open to research: arm yourself with science to the teeth and will unceremoniously tear the hands of the usurpers the cultural good of Africa which we have been frustrated for so long "(see Preface to AFRICA IN ANTIQUITY: PHARMACEUTICAL EGYPT - BLACK AFRICA) by Théophile OBENGA)
WRITTEN BY Professor Jean-Charles Coovi Gomez
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