UDkt. Yosef Ben-AA Jochannan, uMnumlando Omkhulu wase-African American

UDkt. Yosef ben-AA Jochannan
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UDkt Yosef Ben-AA Jochannan, obizwa nge- "Dr. Ben" wazalwa ngoDisemba 31, 1918, womama wasePuerto Rican nobaba wase-Ethiopia.

Izifundo ezisemthethweni uDkt Ben waqala ePuerto Rico. Izifundo zakhe zokuqala zaqhubeka eVirgin Islands naseBrazil, lapho afunda khona esikoleni samabanga aphansi nasesekondari. UDkt Ben uthole iziqu ze-BS ku-Civil Engineering kusuka eYunivesithi yasePuerto Rico, kanye neziqu zeMasters kwezobuNjiniyela bezakhiwo ezivela eYunivesithi yaseHavana, eCuba. Ungumuntu ophothule izifundo zobudokotela emlandweni we-anthropology kanye nomlando wamaMoorish, ovela e-University of Havana nase-University of Barcelona eSpain.

UDkt Ben ube nguProfesa Osizi eCornell University, e-Ithaca, eNew York, ngaphezulu kweminyaka eyishumi edlule (1976-1987). Ubhale futhi wanyathelisa izincwadi nezincwadi ezingaphezu kwe-49, eveza imininingwane eminingi ayembula ngenkathi eseGibhithe.

E-1939, ngemuva nje kokuthola iziqu zakhe, ubaba kaDkt Ben wamthumela eGibhithe ukuyofunda umlando wasendulo wabantu base-Afrika. Kusukela i-1941, uDkt Ben ubeseGibhithe okungenani kabili ngonyaka. Waqala ukuhola izinkambo zemfundo eGibhithe e-1946. Lapho ebuzwa ukuthi kungani eqale ukuvakasha, waphendula wathi, “ngoba akekho owaziyo noma ocabangele iGibhithe futhi iningi elikholelwa ukuthi iGibhithe lalingekho e-Afrika. NgokukaDkt Ben, iGibhithe yindawo yokufunda izisekelo zempilo. Sekudlule iminyaka emihlanu futhi uDkt Ben, isazi esivelele kanye no-Egyptologist, usalokhu egxile empucukweni yaseNayile Valley.

UProfesa Yosef Ben Jochannan ungumhlengikazi waseGibhithe. Ngemuva kokufundisa e-Cornell University iminyaka engaphezulu kwe-15, uDkt. Ben, njengoba eyaziwa, ukhulume kakhulu emaceleni omabili ase-Atlantic. Isihloko salo - imiphakathi yasendulo yaseGibhithe. Izethulo zakhe ziye zamenza waba nzima kakhulu ngabafundi namacembu omphakathi, ikakhulukazi labo abavela e-Afrika. Mhlawumbe inhlonipho ehlonishwayo namuhla ivela esihlokweni sakhe eside, esingenakukhunjulwa ukuthi imiphakathi yasendulo eyayisemfuleni i-Afrika.

Sishumayela ukuthi izinkolo ezinkulu zaseNtshonalanga kwakuyizinkolo zabelungu futhi zinikela ngomlando ongalungile, kepha owemukelwa emhlabeni wonke ngoJesu Kristu njengobufakazi bokuthi isitha sethu sesibe unkulunkulu wethu. Simcaphune uDkt Carter G. Woodson, owathi encwadini yakhe, iMis-Education of the Negro, ukuthi ukucekelwa phansi kwempucuko yase-Afrika kwenziwa ngaphansi kocwaningo "lokusindisa imiphefumulo." Futhi sibuze lo mbumbulu, kufanele ngabe senziwa umuntu ngaphambi kokuba umphefumulo wakhe usindiswe? Ngokuthola kabusha, besivumele omunye umuntu ukuthi achaze iqiniso lethu. U-Priestess Yoruba Iyanla Vanzant uthi umphefumulo wakho uyasindiswa lapho wamukela ukuthi umoya kaNkulunkulu uhlala kuwe. Usho ngokuzwakalayo ukuthi, "Uma ungazibuka wena, wamukele ukuthi ungubani nokuthi uyini, uzithande ngokungenamibandela, umphefumulo wakho usindisiwe. Umqondo wakho unikwe amandla. "

"Sekuyiminyaka engaphezu kwengu-50, uDkt. Josephf ben-Jochannan, uthisha, umcwaningi, umbhali, isikhulumi, uye wahola lokho okuye kwaba umzamo omkhulu wokugcizelela iminikelo yase-Afrika emhlabeni. "Izinkanyezi zaseMelika ezinkulu" zaseNtshonalanga Izinkolo: okokuqala ezanyatheliswa ku-1970, iyaqhubeka ibe yinye yemisebenzi kaDkt Ben eyakhayo. Ngokuqokomisa amathonya ase-Afrika kanye nezimpande zalezi zinkolo (ubuJuda, ubuKristu nobuSulumane), uDkt. Ben ubonisa indaba engabonakali ukuthi abaningi bangakukhohlwa. Umgomo wokugcina kaDkt Ben kulo msebenzi ukukhombisa ukuxhumana okuqondile phakathi kwezinhlelo zokufunda zendabuko zabomdabu zase-Afrika kanye nalezo ezibizwa ngeZenkolo ZaseNtshonalanga.

SOURCE: http://www.raceandhistory.com/Historians/ben_jochannan.htm

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