UKUPHILA KWENKKHANZI YASE-AFRIKA NGOKUNYE AMA-AMERICAS NGOKUPHATHWA

black uneso-uphizi-ThiamUkudla kwamaMelika kwakuthonywe kakhulued yi-Afrika, ngokusho kukaPeter Thiam, oyinhloko waseSenegal, umbhali kanye nenxusa yamasiko. Ngosuku lwamazwe ngamazwe we sikhumbuzo izisulu zobugqila kanye nokuhweba kwezisebenzi ze-transatlantic, yena okulungiselelwe izitsha ezihlukahlukene ukufanekisa lo mthelela. Uyachaza à UJocelyne Sambira wase-Afrika Ukuvuselela ukuthi ucwaninga kanjanibabe amené à lesi siphetho.

I-AR: Uyini umnikelo wakho osukwini lwezwe lonke lokukhunjulwa kobugqila kanye ne-transatlantic slave slave?

I-PT: Kwadingeka ngibonise imenyu eyobe imelela ukuhweba ngezigqila ngoba i-Afrika inethonya elikhulu ekudleni kwe-diaspora, ikakhulukazi emazweni aseMelika. Uma uya eNew Orleans, isibonelo, ubona izitsha njenge "okra", ezikhonjiwe phezulu; ubona "acarajé" kanye nezinye izitsha ezimbalwa. Kukhona izithako ezivela e-Afrika ngokusebenzisa ukuhweba ngezigqila futhi nalezi zithako, izindlela zokupheka nazo zifikile.

Ngakho kwakudingeka ngilungise izitsha eziyisihlanu eziphefumulelwe ngalesi sikhathi esibuhlungu emlandweni wabantu bethu. Esinye isidlo sibizwa ngokuthi "ilayisi embhedeni" phakathi kwamaHaiti kodwa ekhaya libizwa ngokuthi "sombi". Kuyinto i-dessert kodwa ngiyifake ngendlela ehlukile kunomango omuncu othosiwe.

Kungani ikakhulukazi lokhu "irayisi pudding"

Le pudding ilayisi iyisifanekiso. Kungani ngiyikhethile? Ngoba asiqapheli ngokwanele ukubaluleka komnikelo wabantu base-Afrika emkhatsini we-American cultinary.

Cabanga ukuthi i-United States ingaba kanjani ngaphandle kwelayisi. North Carolina ... lonke umnotho wawusekelwe elayisi. Bayibiza ngokuthi "Carolina Gold" noma iCarolina Gold. Kodwa indaba yelayisi nokufika kwayo emaMelika kuyathakazelisa kakhulu ngoba ngaleso sikhathi, isigqila sasikhethwa ngokuphathelene nesifunda esakhula ilayisi. Phakathi kwalezi zifunda, kwakuseNingizimu Senegal, isifunda lapho abazali bami bevela khona, iCasamance. Kwakukhona ukuhlasela okuningi. Babefuna izigqila ngoba bekwazi ukutshala irayisi futhi bazisile emazweni aseCarolina noma eMexico. UMexico wayengazi ilayisi ngaphambi kokufika kwezigqila. Futhi lokho yingxenye yomlando esingayikhulumi ngaso sonke isikhathi.

Kuyathakazelisa. Yini eyakwenza ukuba wenze lolu cwaningo?

RL: Lalela, ngaqala ukucwaninga i-cuisine yomsuka wami. Ngaqala ukupheka ngokuzikhandla ngasekupheleni kweminyaka ye-80 kodwa ngangisendaweni yokudlela eyayingeyona i-Afrika kuphela. Ngasebenza endaweni yokudlela yase-Italiya, ngasebenza e-bistros yesiFulentshi futhi kwenzekani ukuthi ngiseNew York, umhlaba wonke wawukhona kodwa i-Afrika yayingeke imelwe ngakho Ngitsheliwe ukuthi kungani ungenzi ucwaningo kuleli khishi, emsuka wami. Kungenxa yalolu cwaningo nohambo oluya eSenegal ukuvakashela abazali bami, abesifazane bomndeni wami nabesifazane base-Afrika - eqinisweni ngoba yibo abamba izimfihlo ze-African cuisine - kungenxa yabo ukuthi ngacabanga ngokusebenza kule ncwadi yokuqala. Futhi baphinde baphendule izindlela zabo zokupheka ukuze bavumelane nekhishi lanamuhla. Futhi kulolu cwaningo, ngabona ukuthi ngempela, kwakukhona eziningi zalezi izitsha ezazikhona eMelika. Kwakukhona nabanye abantu abaye benza lolu cwaningo ngaphambi kwami. Ngokwesibonelo, ngifunda izincwadi zikaJessica Harris, owaba umngane omuhle kodwa wenza lo mcwaningi njengesazi-mlando. Futhi ngize njengompheki ukuqinisekisa isixhumanisi esasikhona futhi izitsha azizange zishintshe okuningi.

Ukhulume ngaphambili kwe "akarajé" eBrazil esithola eNtshonalanga Afrika futhi.

Yebo. Kuyinto yokudla emgwaqweni eBrazil kodwa ukudla okusemgwaqweni eNtshonalanga Afrika. Bayibiza ngokuthi "akarajé" futhi siyibiza ngokuthi "akara" kodwa yisidlo esifanayo nobhontshisi obumnyama. Ama-peas avela lapha avele lapha, njengedayisi ne-okra. Ihlinzekwa ngendlela efanayo nge-donut encane ekhanda futhi isetshenziswa nge-sauce esiphundu kakhulu

"Akaraje" akusona isibonelo kuphela?

Akunjalo, "i-jambalaya, feijoada, okra, i-johns" zonke izitsha zibuyele eSenegal, eNigeria, eGuinea naseBenin. Uzobona ukuhumusha kwalezi zitsha.

Futhi kunjalo into e-Caribbean: "amaqabunga amaqabunga" atholakele eGuinea azotholakala ngenye indlela noma enye eHaiti noma eJamaica.

Ingabe izincwadi zakho zingabe zindlela yokuhlonipha izisulu zalokhu kuhweba ngezigqila?

PT: Ngokuqinisekile. Kuyindlela engingabahlonipha yona. Yindlela yokuguqa ememori yabo ngoba ngaphandle kwabo angicabangi ukuthi singaba nakho. Yilabo abasivumelayo, abalethe lelifa eliye lasivumela ukuba siqhubeke.

– See more at: http://www.un.org/africarenewal/fr/a-la-une/l%E2%80%99influence-de-la-cuisine-africaine-sur-celle-des-am%C3%A9riques-%C3%A0-travers-l%E2%80%99esclavage#sthash.B5jOfEdZ.dpuf

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