Kungani sibiza u-Eid al-Adha, iTabaski e-Black Africa?

Eid al-Adha noma i-Aīd al-Kabīr
II-Eid al-Adha (ngesi-Arabhu عيد الأضحى, "i-Feast of Sacrifice") noma I-Aīd al-Kabīr (العيد الكبير "idili elikhulu" ngokuphambene no-Eid el-Fitr okuthiwa ngu-Eid el-seghir, noma i-Eid encane), iholidi elibaluleke kunazo zonke lama-Islam. Ubizwa tabaski emazweni aseNtshonalanga naseCentral Africa (Chad, Cameroon) enomphakathi omkhulu wamaSulumane. I-10 yenyanga ka-dhou al-hijja, inyanga yokugcina yekhalenda yamaSulumane, ngemuva Waqfat Arafa, noma esiteshini eNtabeni i-Arafat futhi ibonisa ngonyaka wokuphela kweHajj.

TheEid al-Adha ubizwa ngokuthi yi tabaski eSenegal (1) nakwamanye amazwe aseFrance aseNtshonalanga (iGuinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, eBenin, Burkina Faso, Togo, Niger, Cameroon), isibonelo, eNigeria. ENyakatho Afrika, ubizwa ngokuthi Tafaska phakathi kwamasiko aseMaghreb ama-Amazigh ngenkathi enye i-Berbers, isi-Arabhu, isebenzisa igama lesi-Arabhu. E-Turkey, ubizwa ngokuthi I-Kurban Bayramı naseBalkans, i-Kurban Bajram.

EFulentshi, leli gama lisetshenziswa futhi umkhosi wemvu.

Kodwa leli gama elithi Tabaski, elibolekwe kwi-Wolofs, eliphumelela kakhulu emazweni aseSudano-Sahelian, kusukela eSenegal kuya eThada, eMali, eBurkina Faso naseNiger. Lokhu akumangalisi uma ucabanga ukuthi i-Wolofs yamukela ama-Islam ekhulwini leshumi nanye nokuthi iSenegal, ingane ethandekayo yekoloni lwesiFulentshi, yayiyi-pole reference yesifunda iminyaka eminingana.

AmaSulumane, njengakwezinye izindawo eziningi, uye wavumelana nezimo zendawo. Isakhiwo esihle kakhulu sabafowethu nobukhulu be-marabouts ngaleyo ndlela sibonisa umphakathi wesintu we-Wolof. Lesi simo se-acclimatization sicacile kakhulu kule ndege ye-lexical. E-Senegal, amaholidi anamazwi esiFulentshi, futhi ikhalenda yamaSulumane iye yahunyushwa ngokuphelele "i-Wolofised" (1).

Imvelaphi ye-Negro-yaseGibhithe yegama elithi Tabaski / Tafaska / Easter, elondolozwe ebuJudeni, ubuKristu futhi ngaleyo ndlela Islam:

Ngokwe-athikili kaDomininique Mataillet wewebhusayithi yeJeune Afrika: "

Ukuze ubuyele eThabaski, izazi-mlando ziyavuma ukuletha leli gama elithi tifeski, igama lentwasahlobo eMauritania. Ngokusho komlobi onamandla kakhulu, uProfesa Raymond Mauny, owabamba elinye lezihlalo zokuqala zomlando zase-Afrika eFrance, igama elithi tabaski livela eBerber eliqinisekisa ukuxhunyaniswa noMauritania, njengoba amaMorse asuke eqinisweni Ama-Tuaregs ase-Arabhu lapho aphefumulelwe khona i-pasqua yesiLatini, "i-Easter", yena ngokwakhe ovela ku-Pesach yesiHeberu. Lokhu kusikhumbuza ukuthi ingxenye yamaBerbers isilokhu isithembekile enkolweni yamaJuda.

Uma iPhasika eliyisikhumbuzo uphumo eGibhithe novuko Christian Easter kaKristu, phakathi kwezinhlangano imihlatshelo Ibrahim sika kuningi abafana ngazo: ukusetshenziswa yemvu ".

U-Anne-Marie Brisebarre et Liliane Kuczynski ziye zafunda iSasasik (2) ngokwesayensi, ngaphandle kokunikeza umsuka weqiniso we-etymological.

I-legend ye-Ousirê ibonakala ukuthi umlenze wesobunxele awukho e-Ousirê. Lokhu okuthole kuqukethe isihluthulelo senkinga yegama elithi Pasxa.

Omunye ufakazi yigama lezinhlanzi ezinosawoti abaseGibhithe badla eS Sham an-Nassim, njalo ngoMsombuluko wePhasika.

Igama le nhlanzi enosawoti, uphawu lwe-Ousirê, lithathwe esifundazweni sase-Ousirê amalungu ayo "ahlukaniswa" ngumfowabo uSouten.

Ngempela, le nhlanzi ibizwa ngokuthi "yahlukaniswa", faschakh ngesi-Arabhu. Leli gama linencazelo efanayo:

  • EGibhithe: psḥ = fasekh (enenhliziyo echotshoziwe)
  • ngesi-Aramaic nesiHebheru : i-faskha, i-pasah (ukuphoqa, ukuxosha, ukuhudula umlenze, ukuxoshwa)
  • ngesiGreki : Πάσχα
  • ngesi-Arabhu : fasīkh noma feseekh (ukuxoshwa).

Umbuso lapho u-Ousirê wawukhona khona wanikezwa njengegama lezinhlanzi ezifanekisela, udliwe ngoMsombuluko wePhasika, ekupheleni kwemikhosi ye-Osirian Passion.

Leli gama kwaze eloba ngesiGreki, e-Septuagint, noma isi-Aramu: paskha noma ngokuqondile Fasekh waseGibhithe (HSP), i-phoneme ofanayo igama anosawoti izinhlanzi Ousirê: fasîkh.

Easter ukugubha wabelane Lokudabuka waseGibhithe, sokukhumbula ukufa nokuvuswa Ousirê (ubhiya elibomvu legazi lakhe, isinkwa esingenamvubelo wenyama yakhe. Kuyinto empeleni kusukela enkulungwaneni yesithathu yeminyaka BC. "Fasekh" waseGibhithe, wanika "Faskha" ngesi-Aramu, futhi "iPhasika" ngesiGreki, esanika "i-Easter" ngesiFulentshi. Yonke iGibithe yayidla lesi sihlahla, njengamaHeberu. (3)

AmaSulumane aseNtshonalanga Afrika abiza futhi ngaleyo ndlela "engaqondi" adumisa uThabaski ngegama likaFaro elithi "psḥ".

Ukucaphuna: Ngaphandle kokuzikhethela esikhathini esidlule, ukubheka eGibhithe lasendulo kuyindlela engcono kakhulu yokukhulelwa nokwakha ikusasa lethu lamasiko. IGibhithe izodlala, emasikweni ase-Afrika avuselelwe futhi avuselelwe, indima efanayo nama-antiquités aseGrisi naseRoma ". Cheikh Anta Diop.

Tony Jeki The Njambe, i-15 May 2014.

___________________________________

SOURCES:

(1) Livelaphi igama iTabaski? [archive], ku-Jeuneafrique.com:

http://www.jeuneafrique.com/Article/LIN23015dovieiksaba0/actualite-afriqued-ou-vient-le-mot-tabaski.html

(2) u-Anne-Marie Brisebarre noLiliane Kuczynski (ama-eds), ITagaski eSenegal. Umkhosi wamaSulumane endaweni yokuhlala emadolobheni, Amadoda Nenkampani, I-Karthala Editions, i- 2009, i-466 p

(3) http://forum.astralsight.com/index.php?/topic/2066-origines-egyptiennes-du-christianisme-et-de-lislam/

http://remmm.revues.org/7569

http://assr.revues.org/22658

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