Ukukhalaza kwentsha yase-Afrika - uTheophile Obenga

Shayela intsha yase-Afrika

U-Linguist, isazi sefilosofi nesazi-mlando sesikhathi esidala, uTheophile Obenga, wayevame ukuvakashela umlando osheshayo noma wesimanje. Njengoba siyazi, indawo yomlando esheshayo ngokuvamile, uma kungenjalo ngaso sonke isikhathi, isenzakalo sezombangazwe esihlukumezayo, esiqhumayo, esibhidliza ubunzima bezenhlalakahle nezingokwengqondo. I-trauma yomcimbi iba yingozi emlandweni, ngakho-ke, isikhathi senhlalakahle sithinta kakhulu.

"Shayela iNtsha Yase-Afrika: Inkontileka Yezenhlalakahle ye-Afrika yekhulu le-XNIXXth", ngumsebenzi omusha kaPh Théophile Obenga, oshicilelwe i-21 July 27, eyanyatheliswa nguCcinia Communication.

Izihloko ezilandelayo zihlanganiswa: "Inselele Yokufuduka; IWest: isithiyo esikhulu ekuthuthukiseni i-Afrika; Ukubusa kwezwe; Francophonie / Commonwealth; Ukuthanda izwe noma inkohlakalo yezombusazwe; I-HIV / AIDS e-Afrika; Izimpawu ezingenakulinganiswa ze-African Youth - I-African Youth & Global Geopolitics, Intsha Yase-Afrika - I-Renaissance yase-Afrika - I-African Federal State - Contemporary Mores (ubulili, ifilosofi, ingokomoya ...) »

incwadi zezombusazwe, iphamfulethi ikakhulukazi ekuphikisweni ngokunamandla Amakhasi 124 isitayela of the edumile "Inkulumo ku ngokufika kwabamhlophe ukuzobusa" imbongi ka Negritude, Aime Cesaire, "Ukubizelwa Youth Afrika: African Social Inkontileka Ukuze 21ème leminyaka," uwukubonakaliswa ukuthukuthela noma ukuphuluka kokuthula kubhekwa njengento eqondile emiphakathini eyabangela iNtsha Yase-Afrika. Ngakho, ifomula Théophile Obenga ekhasini 7: "Njengoba sazi lokhu isimo isiyonke kancane ukufa collective is inenzuzo kancane ukuba afakaze, ngisho ingqapheli zinengqondo. Okudingekile kakhulu yi-Call for Youth Intsha, ukuze aphinde aphinde aqonde futhi aqonde futhi asebenze ekamelweni elinyanyekayo lezinyunyana zase-Afrika. "

Uma West ne iziphuphutheki yayo ehlukahlukene (World Bank - IMF) kukhona ngesikhathi esebhokisini labasolwa, ejenti yabo Afrika abasindi futhi kancane ngokumelene uProfesa Obenga umema Youth Afrika ukuphambukisa izindlela wemfanelo nemikhuba chaos: "Youth Afrika kumele wenze izinto zenzeke, ukuthuthukisa imibono ezintsha, hlela lePan African ezingeni Continental, bafisa Afrika sihlukile le" obaba wokusungula "futhi" omongameli enikeza ukuphila "(ivikelwe IWest, ngoba iWestern inentshisekelo kuphela) "P. 10

Kuyinto yokushiya kazwelonke eyenza intsha, kodwa isisekelo esiyisisekelo sokuthuthukiswa, emigwaqweni eyingozi yokufuduka kwabantu ababalekele esihogweni sase-Afrika: "Lawa madodana namadodakazi ase-Afrika asuka eCameroon, eCAR, kusuka eNigeria ngeLibya eSicily; kusuka kule Afrika ejulile e-Niger, e-Algeria, eMorocco eya eMelilla, ehlangene neCeuta, idolobha laseSpain. Long ulwandle izikebhe, nakuba engaqinisekile, izingxenye ugu lweNyakatho Senegal, Mauritania kanye Guinea (Guinea-Bissau), kabuhlungu ukubhekana ogwini Tenerife, cishe nsuku zonke, amasonto, izinyanga. Umthetho walezi zindawo ezizimele uveza: ukufa. P. 12
Ukuziba le mihlangano, njengoba ucingo lokuvukela, Prof. Obenga wayisola sengqondo Abaholi base-Afrika ukuba ankyloser amandla obusha: "Okumangazayo ukuthi inqubomgomo oMongameli ekuphileni, noma okhethwe yi-universal suffrage, ngentando yeningi, akumangalisi lutho. Ukuphila kwethu umphakathi, umphakathi, ngokuvamile yilokho okwenzeka zibukele ngaphandle Awakening ezibucayi, ngaphandle eshaqisayo, lingabi umbuzo (kuyoba "ukuvukela umbuso" kanye capital angaphandle ungathandi "umsindo", sic). I-Afrika iyakhazamisa ubusha bayo ekungaboni. Yilifa lethu lamasiko, lolo hlobo lobuholi, siyaqinisekiswa. P. 20

Uyaqhubeka: "IWest ayikubonanga i-Afrika njengengcebo nje yamasu okusetshenziselwa izinto (...) Akukho uthando lweWest for Africa. Akekho. Kusengcono kakhulu ukulimala. Kodwa ukungabi nothando kwe-Afrika kwe-Afrika kuseduze nobudlova obugebengu. Asikwazi ukulwa nokuthuthukiswa kwe-Afrika esithandayo isevisi ye-lip kuphela. Abezombangazwe abaningi base-Afrika baye bangena e-African non-recognition: kuyisifundo, "P 54.

Pr Théophile Obenga (phakathi), uHenda Diogène Senny (ngakwesobunxele, isishoshovu sasePanafrica) noMfundisi uSheelel Mowhou (ngakwesokudla, iCcinia Communication Editions). I-3 izokhipha ingqungquthela ngoLwesibili i-31 July 2007 ku-CAPE (Isikhungo Sokuthola Imithombo Yobumfihlo yangaphandle) imininingwane ekupheleni kwalesi sihloko).

Ngaphandle khathalogu yokulila, lonke uchungechunge lweziphakamiso zokuqeda ukuhlupheka koqweqwe lwabasha le ncwadi. Ngaphandle uvala kwentsha, noma ku Rebel Albert Camus kabani impumelelo asihlobene, kude, kuba ngempela ngiqaphele enqobile ngaphansi kwesiqubulo esithi eyingqabavu "Afrika Kumelwe Sibe Munye" Kwame Nkrumah ufuna ukuvusa eNtsheni Yase-Afrika. Ngakho-ke "izimpawu ezingenakulinganiswa" zikaMnu. Garvey kuTh. Sankara nge B. Boganda, uLumumba P., A. Cabral, S. Biko ... igazi labo lithululwa ngesithunzi se-Afrika inkumbulo yentsha yase-Afrika.

Ekuphetheni, ngokuqaphela ngokucophelela, uProfesa Obenga wabhala isahluko esikhethekile esifana neHulumeni Yentsha, enesihloko esithi: "Bizela iNtshonalanga Yase-Afrika", asikwazi ukusiza kodwa ukuveza ezinye izingcaphuno ezingezansi:

(...) Abanye phakathi kwethu abazwa ngezindlebe zabo futhi bangaboni ngamehlo abo. Umcabango ngokwawo awunamsebenzi. Ukuhlukanisa, okujulile, kuqhubeka. Ngenhlanhla, labo abazwayo futhi babone, bacabanga futhi banethemba, ukungabaza kodwa balwa, baningi, futhi banomdlandla we-pan-Afrika: i-Afrika kumele ihlangane.

Ukukhala okukhulu kakhulu. Ukukhala okukhulu kwezwekazi. Intsha yase-Afrika iyaqaphela ngokwengeziwe, futhi ngokucacile, ukuthi ukuhlala emlandweni, njengezihloko zomlando, ukushicilela uphawu lomuntu esikhathini esidlule.
Ngempela, abantu bahlala ezweni elihle lokuziphatha, okungukuthi, izwe lokucabangela kanye nomthwalo wemfanelo: kuyasiza eNtsha Yase-Afrika ukuba ivume umbono wokuvuselelwa kwe-Afrika, umbuso wezwe wasePan-African federal, - okuyinto umqondo wobukhulu obumlando be-Afrika kanye nentuthuko yabantu ezayo. Ubukhulu ngolunye uhlangothi lweGood, uphawu lwayo olukhulu kuMlando.

Eminye imibono yezobuciko neyokuthi kumele ilahlwe, ukuze iNtshonalanga Yase-Afrika ime futhi ihlanganyele ngokugcwele ezweni elihle lomlando womlando wabantu. Intsha yase-Afrika, ukuziqhenya, isibindi, ukuma! Isikhathi somlando siseduze kakhulu!

Bheka! Ilanga elivuthayo laleli zwekazi lisempumalanga yalo, livele lize, likulethe impilo nempilo, amandla nokuhlakanipha, uthando nokugculiseka okugcwele. Uthemba, ngomsebenzi wakho, ukunikeza okuhle kakhulu kuleli zwekazi.

Utshela okuningi ngawe. Inqubomgomo yezinhlelo zokulungiswa kwezakhiwo, ezintsha nezindala, ukuzibulala. Ukufuduka, ngisho nokuvunywa, kukhethiwe. Akuqinisekisiwe ukuthi injabulo yakho ingavela nakanjani kuyo. I-Coriace, igciwane lesandulela ngculaza liye lagcwala inkohlakalo yaseWestern. Yimiqondo ehlala njalo yamazwe aseNyakatho kusukela amakhodi amnyama e-Age of Enlightenment: ukufinyelela, ukukhubazeka, okungcono ekuqedeni amandla okuphila kanye nentsha yezwekazi ukuliphonsa kulo lonke ukuthula. "Obaba oyisekela" kanye "nabongamele-impilo" baphenduka amehlo futhi bakholelwa ukuthi bakhonza i-Afrika.

Intsha yase-Afrika, ukuziqhenya, isibindi, ukuma! Izimo zihle kakhulu kunanini ngaphambili.

Yazi, wazi: ukuthula emhlabeni akakabi ngesikhathi ababezohlangana kuyo noMbusi uqobo, naphezu kwemizamo ka-Albert Luthuli, uMartin Luther King, uNelson Mandela, Desmond Tutu uWangari Maathai, zonke Nobel Ukuthula. Kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi i-ANC yilona lodwa iqembu engxenyeni zezombusazwe usitholile kathathu Nobel Peace Prize ngo-20ème leminyaka.

Uyazi kahle kakhulu: amandla (amafutha, igesi yemvelo) ahlukanisa ngokujulile izizwe, umphakathi womhlaba jikelele (njengoba kunjalo nale nganekwane yekhulu le-XNIXXth).

Ngakho-ke isayensi nokusebenza kwayo: ukulawulwa nokugcwele okugcwele amandla enyukliya kubangela izingxabano ezingase zibe nzima kubantu. Kodwa lokho akufaki ukucabanga ngokujulile nge-African Civil Nuclear Program. Ngokwenza umhlaba wonke, ukuhweba kwakha amandla geopolitical kanye geostrategic ngokuphikisana ngokumelene. Kanjalo ukuhlanganisana kwembulunga yonke. Ngaphandle kokumangala okubuhlungu, ukuxolelwa kwezikweletu kwamazwe ampofu kakhulu kunenzuzo. Inkohlakalo? Umbuso wakhe ozithandayo yiNtshonalanga yonke, umnikelo wezifundo njalo. Yingu-Eurocentrism yakhe enyantisayo. I-paradigm ye-Afrika ne-Asiya ibonakala ixoxisana kakhulu, ngaphandle kwezingxenye zengqondo ezindala ezivela esikhathini sobukhosi.

Know, musa ukuyiziba, Youth Afrika: onazo izimpawu, abaningi ukuba balwe, ukulwa, cabanga, cabanga, cabanga, dala futhi uwine: Queen Nzinga noChristiane Taubira ngokusebenzisa Mary McLeod Bethune, Anna Julia Cooper, Sojourner Iqiniso, Ida B. Wells, noWinnie Mandela noMiriam Makeba. Futhi Nat Turner ukuba Lumumba Lumumba Tom Mboya, Tom Mboya e Cabral, Cabral iSteve Biko. Yilolu chungechunge lwe-pan-Afrika, oluqinile.

Ingabe kufanele uqinisekiswe ngokubonisa indlela owaziyo kakade? Loluhambo olude oluvela kuMarcus Garvey oluya eThabo Mbeki nge Kwame Nkrumah noKeikh Anta Diop kuthiwa iPan-Africanism, iPan-African Continental State, i-Renaissance Afrika. Futhi uBar Marley noPierre Akendengué bawugubha ngokufudumele le ndlela yethemba.

Landela le ndlela yenkazimulo, udumo, ukwethembeka nokuzinikela. Mlandeleni. Yandisa ngokwezixhobo zakho zokusebenza, umzimba wakho, ingqondo yakho, ukuhlakanipha kwakho, ukholo lwakho, uthando lwakho lobuzwe.

Ngempela, ukufuna for ikusasa Afrika nokugcwaliseka, ngezinga abantu, wukuthi le sobunye, ubumbano, ukwabelana, ukubonisana pan-Afrika, ekhonweni Continental, azivinjwa lineages, kwamaqembu, emizaneni, izinhlanga, ubuzwe, izizwe, izinhlupho zempi yombango, ukungabikho komphakathi, ukuhlukunyezwa kwengqondo, ukuhlukaniswa kanye nezinhlaka zezombangazwe emazingeni omhlaba jikelele, emazweni omhlaba nasemhlabeni jikelele. Ngakho-ke kunzima futhi kuyinde umsebenzi. Esikhathini sohlelo lwethu lwezolanga, umuntu unemvelaphi yayo ebonakalayo, yamasiko, yezocansi, engokomoya neyokubonakalisa e-Afrika, ukuzalwa komuntu wanamuhla. Ulwazi lukuthi i-Afrika izohlale ikhona, ikhona, isebenza, ekwenzeni ikusasa lomuntu. Kumelwe silungise ubusha bethu. Intsha yase-Afrika, phaphama, kunanini ngaphambili! Kungukuthi, ikusasa lakho. Afrika, ikusasa layo. Ukusuka ebantwini, kusukela ekuvulelekeni kwayo kuya kwaso, kusuka emigomeni yayo emikhulu yentuthuko.

I-Afrika ihluphekile kakhulu ekuchazeni abanye: "I-Black Africa isuke isuke kakhulu," "Unyaka we-Afrika" (unyaka ompofu!), "Amakholoni ase-Afrika", "I-Ghost Africa", "i-Afrika engabonakali", "i-Afrika yezizwe", "i-Afrika ivinjiwe", "i-Afrika ihlukunyezwa", "i-Afrika ihluphekile, ihluphekile kakhulu, inomlandu kakhulu -kuthuthukiswa okuqhubekayo "...

Kungukudabuka, umthombo wokungathembeki, ukuthi umuntu ufuna ukucabanga ukuthi kungcono ukulimaza i-Afrika futhi, ngale ndlela, ukuyiqeda ngokuhlelekile, ngaphandle kokuncane kakhulu. Ngezinye izikhathi, ngokuvamile, ngezinkampani zezombusazwe zase-Afrika.

Kukhona ukulahlekelwa kwemibhalo okuzogcwaliswa. Intsha yase-Afrika, emaphandleni, emadolobheni, kwezobuchwepheshe, ezombusazwe, kwezobuciko ... kufanele ikhiqize izilinganiso zayo kanye nama-paradigms: e-Afrika, izinkinga zayo eziningi zemfundo, umsebenzi, impilo, umnotho, ubumbano, umthetho , ukubambisana kwezwekazi, amandla enyukliya ase-Afrika, ukuvuleka komhlaba jikelele, isayensi, ubuchwepheshe, imvelo ...

Kufanele singabaza amandla e-Youth Afrika ukucabanga, ukuba uzindle ukuhweba ngezigqila, ubugqila, ikoloni, ubuhlanga, ukuxhashazwa neo-koloni, Francophonie, Commonwealth, ngaphansi-ukuthuthukiswa, izitshalo zemali, izinhlelo zokulungiswa kwesakhiwo?

Akufanele yini nathi ukunciphisa umthamo we Youth Afrika ukukhiqiza imibono, izimo, izinhlelo, imisebenzi elandelayo ukufundwa Marcus Garvey, WEB Du Bois, Aime Cesaire, Frantz Fanon, Cheikh Anta Diop, Kwame Nkrumah, uJulius Nyerere, uSteve Biko?

Imibono yendaba, ngaphezu kwesikhathi esidlule, ezweni lanamuhla: imibono yentando yeningi, umnotho wezwe, ucwaningo lwesayensi, ubunikazi kanye nokuhlukahluka kwamasiko, ifilosofi, ubudlova noma okungezona ubudlova, isisekelo semfundiso yenkolo noma cha ubulili bomuntu noma isilwane, ingokomoya, gnosis, ukuphila endaweni yonke. Yimiphi imibono yabantu base-Afrika, ngendlela yokuqala kanye neyinkimbinkimbi, kuzo zonke lezizinkinga ezinkulu zesikhathi esibe sezibandakanya ikusasa lomuntu?

Zidle imizamo obunobuhixihixi yabanye, iyophangwa kwamasu kwezomnotho kanye nezepolitiki abanye, ukudlala nokucula sibukela ngoba iningi "Umhlaba Hamba": Ingabe ukuphila ngempela sicabangela bukhona umthwalo womuntu?

Ama-masks ase-Afrika akhuluma nomuntu owaziyo ukuzwa nokuqonda. Bathi ukuphila, ngokuqinisekiswa okudumile. Bayazi ukuthi bangafinyelela kanjani phansi kwabo kanye nezinto. Ngakho-ke baye bahlakulela inkhulumomphendvulwano lenkhulu kanye nenhlonipho ngemvelo. Masigcine okungenani lekhono lokubamba ingxoxo phakathi kwethu, nathi, nezwe, nabanye abantu, kanye neminye imiphakathi yobuntu bethu.

Theophile Obenga
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