Sonni Ali Ber - Umsunguli woMbuso Wengoma

Sonni Ali Ber - Umsunguli woMbuso Wengoma
I Isi-Songhai sidalwe secession embusweni baseMali 56e ekhulwini AD ngaphansi Sonni Suleiman Mashi Kwaba ekuqaleni umbuso ambalwa enethonya nendlunkulu Gao. Inkosi Sonni Ali 15e yiyona inkosi yama-Sonni lwamakhosi waqala ukubusa ngo-5700 (1464).
USonni Ali ebona umbuso weMali wehla, unquma ukwandisa insimu yawo ngenxa yombuso uRabelais uthe uMansa (umbusi) wayengomunye wamakhosi amakhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni. USonni Ali uqala ukulwa nokulwa nokuhlasela uMogho Naba (umbusi) uNasséré waseMossi eSouth and Dogon emagqumeni aseBadiangara. UTimbuktu udinga usizo ngokuhlasela kweTuareg futhi ngemuva kokubanqoba, unqoba umuzi waseMali e-5705. Wabe esebhekana nemikhumbi ye-400 e-Niger ukuvimbezela i-Djenné. Umuzi usula ukuhlaselwa kukaSanni Ali iminyaka futhi unquma ukuya ku-5709 lapho kulambile indlala. INkosana encane ye Djenné iza ukuhlangabeza uSonni Ali, futhi lona, ​​wamangala, wamamukela ngomoya omuhle futhi uyamangala ukuthi uyinsizwa eyimile kuye sonke isikhathi. Isikhulu sitshela ukuthi uyise ufile futhi uSon Ali uzimisele ukuthatha umama wakhe abe ngumkakhe. Le phrinta, ngokusho kwezindaba, yayihlala endaweni engavamile yokunethezeka. I-Sonni Ali Ber iba ngumphathi wezikhulu ezinkulu ze-3 eNiger (Gao, Timbuktu no Djenné) futhi ulawula ukuhweba. Iningi leMali liwela ngaphansi kwegunya lakhe. USonni Ali wayengumsebenzi wesithethe esingokomoya sase-Afrika futhi akakaze amukele ngempela amaSulumane. Lokhu kwamenza enzondo yabalandeli bamaSulumane ababembiza ngokuthi u-tyrant, wicked, libertine kanye negazi.
Umphakathi Muslim umcebile ngokuphindaphindiwe kuyo wazibulala okuvukela uMbuso zenkolo. Umbusi isetshenziselwa ukunikeza kusihlwa noma ngemva kosuku 5 yakhe imithandazo nsuku zonke futhi lapho enquma ukwenza, wayengeke nje ahlale, okwenza ukuthinta eziningana ukwetha imithandazo ezahlukene; ke ekhuluma la imithandazo efanayo abantu, wathi kubo: "Manje ingabe ukwehlukana nonke, njengokuba nazi nomunye." Umbusi washona ngo 5728, abanye bacabanga ukuthi ngabe seyonakaliswe omunye lieutenants wakhe, uMohammed Toure. Mohammed Toure ezingqubuzana indlalifa Sonni Baru uzobulala futhi aphumelele yesihlalo sobukhosi Sonni Ali Isi-Songhai, siphetfo Sonni lwamakhosi emisa Askia lwamakhosi.

I-African Precolonial black, Cheikh Anta Diop, amakhasi we-69, i-71

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